Academic aim:

The aim of the course is to develop the understanding of the EU’s multilevel governance system, with a focus on the different actors (from different levels and sectors) and the process of influencing the EU decision-making in each of these levels, in order to prepare the students for participation in EU’s multilevel decision-making process, from the local to the European level, in accordance with their own specialization (BA) background.

Target group:

This course is addressed to the MA students from several programs from the Faculty of History, International Relations, Political Science and Communication Sciences.

Learning objectives:

  • to familiarize the students with the main theoretical approaches on the EU’s multilevel governance, with a particular focus on: its openness to the mechanisms of participation and influencing the EU decision-making process; the role of the actors (from different levels and sectors) in this process; the formulation process of the European public policies;
  • to familiarize the students with channels and instruments available for the actors (from different levels and sectors), for participation in the EU’s multilevel governance and for influencing the EU decision-making process;
  • to enhance the students’ understanding of the features of the European, national, regional and local governance.

Structure of the course:

  1. The EU’s multilevel governance: concept, features, actors, challenges. The EU decision-making process, after the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon: EU institutions and bodies, EU inter-institutional relations, the European legal order.
  2. The formulation and implementation of the European public policies – between the European and national levels. Europeanization, competences, policy process, agenda-setting, the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality.
  3. The national and European citizenship: rights, obligations and participation. The representative and participative democracy in the EU. Towards an European, multilevel, active citizenship. The citizens: channels and instruments for influencing the EU decision-making process.
  4. The national, regional and local levels in the EU’s multilevel governance: public authorities – their place and role in influencing the EU decision-making process.
  5. The civil society’s organizations and the business enterprises – their place and role in influencing the EU decision-making process. Lobbying the EU institutions
  6. The traditional and new media, national and local – their role in the public opinion formation on the EU matters. The national and European public opinion – the degree of support for the EU’s and national institutions, policies and mechanisms.
  7. The European and national officials’ communication strategies on the EU matters.



  1. Alexandru, Ioan, Drept administrativ european, București, Universul Juridic, 2008.
  2. Barston, R. P., Modern Diplomacy, Routledge, 2019.
  3. Bondar, Florin (coord.), Politici publice și administrație publică, Iași, Polirom, 2007.
  4. Brack, Nathalie, Coman, Ramona, Rittelmeyer, Yann – Sven și Stănculescu, Cristina, Despre Parlamentul European, democratizare și democrație, Iași, Editura Institutul European, 2011.
  5. Cerkez, Șerban, Grupurile de interese și politicile publice, Iași, Polirom, 2010.
  6. Fuerea, Augustin, Manualul Uniunii Europene, București, Universul Juridic, 2011.
  7. Hix, Simon, Noury, Abdul G. și Roland, Gerard, Politica democratică în Parlamentul European, Cluj – Napoca, CA Publishing, 2010.
  8. Iancu, Diana – Camelia, Uniunea Europeană și administrația publică, Iași, Polirom, 2010.
  9. Ion, Oana – Andreea, Guvernanța Uniunii Europene. Abordări actuale, Iași, Polirom, 2013.
  10. Ispas, Gabriel Liviu, Uniunea Europeană. Evoluție. Instituții. Mecanisme, București, Universul Juridic, 2012.
  11. Ivan, Adrian Liviu, Sub zodia „Statele Unite ale Europei”: de la ideea europeană, la Comunitățile Economice Europene, Cluj-Napoca, CA Publishing, 2009.
  12. Kjaer, Anne Mette, Guvernanța, Cluj-Napoca, CA Publishing, 2010.
  13. Luzarraga, Francisco Aldecoa și Llorente, Mercedes Guinea, Europa viitorului. Tratatul de la Lisabona, Iași, Polirom, 2011.
  14. Mihăileanu, Liviu și Horja, Aurelian, Reglementarea activității de lobby în anticamera influenței, București, Editura CH Beck, 2009.
  15. Rivett, Rosalie, Diplomatic Protocol: Etiquette, Statecraft & Trust, Whittles Publishing, 2018.
  16. Rusu, Ioana Eleonora și Gorning, Gilbert, Dreptul Uniunii Europene, București, Editura CH Beck, 2009.
  17. Sauron, Jean-Luc, Curs de instituții europene, Iași, Polirom, 2010.
  18. Sidjanski, Dusan, The Federal Future of Europe: From the European Community to the European Union, University of Michigan Press, 2000.
  19. Thakur, Ramesh, Cooper, Andrew, English, John, Enhancing Global Governance,. Toward a New Diplomacy, UNU Press, Tokyo, New York, Paris, 2002.
  20. Other up-to-date books.


  1. Abromeit, Heidrun, “How to Democratise a Multi-level, Multi-dimensional Polity”, în Political Theory and the European Union. Legitimacy, Constitutional Choice and Citizenship. Albert Weale și Michael Nentwich (eds.), Taylor & Francis, 2005.
  2. Agger, Annika, „Towards Tailor-Made Participation: How to Involve Different Types of Citizens in Participatory Governance”, în Town Planning Review, Liverpool University Press (UK), vol. 83, nr. 1, 2012.
  3. Albert, Mathias, „Governance and Democracy in European Systems: on Systems Theory and European Integration”, în Review of International Studies, Cambridge University Press, nr. 28, 2002.
  4. Askola, Heli, “Tale of Two Citizenships? Citizenship, Migration and Care in the European Union”, în Social & Legal Studies, vol. 21, nr. 3, 2012.
  5. Atkinson, Rob, “The White Paper on European Governance: Implications for Urban Policy”, în European Planning Studies, vol. 10, nr. 6, 2002.
  6. Auberger, Tobias și Iszkowski, Krzysztof, “Democratic Theory and the European Union: Focusing on ‘Interest’ or ‘Reason’?”, în Journal of European Integration, vol. 29, nr. 3, 2007.
  7. Bache, Ian și Flinders, Matthew (eds.), Themes and Issues in Multi-Level Governance, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  8. Beetz, Jan Pieter, „Stuck on the Rubicon? The Resonance of the Idea of Demoi-cracy in Media Debates on the EU’s Legitimacy”, în Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 22, nr. 1, 2015.
  9. Bellamy, Richard și Castiglione, Dario, „Legitimizing the Euro-polity and its Regime. The Normative Turn in EU Studies, în European Journal of Political Theory, vol. 2, nr. 1, 2003.
  10. Bellamy, Richard și Castiglione, Dario, „Democracy by Delegation? Who Represents Whom and How in European Governance?”, în Government and Opposition, vol. 46, nr. 1, 2011.
  11. Berg-Schlosser, Dirk, „The Quality of Democracies in Europe as Measured by Current Indicators of Democratization and Good Governance”, în Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, vol. 20, nr.1, 2004.
  12. Bevir, Mark, “Democratic Governance: A Genealogy”, în Local Government Studies, vol. 37, nr. 1, 2011.
  13. Blom, Tannelie, Radulova, Elissaveta și Arnold, Christine, “Theorizing Modes of Governance in the EU: Institutional Design and Informational Complexity”, în European Governance Papers, nr. C-08-04, 2008.
  14. Böhme, Kai, Richardson, Tim, Dabinett, Gordon și Jensen, Ole B., „Values in a Vacuum? Towards an Integrated Multi‐level Analysis of the Governance of European Space”, în European Planning Studies, vol. 12, nr. 8, 2007.
  15. Borras, Susana și Radaelli, Claudio M., „The Politics of Governance Architectures: Creation, Change and Effects of the EU Lisbon Strategy”, în Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 18, nr. 4, 2011.
  16. Caporaso, James A. și Wittenbrinck, Joerg, „The New Modes of Governance and Political Authority in Europe”, în Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 13, nr. 4, 2006.
  17. Catney, Philip, “Democratic Dilemmas of Multilevel Governance: Legitimacy, Representation and Accountability in the European Union”, în West European Politics, vol. 31, nr. 5, 2008.
  18. Cheneval, Francis, Lavenex, Sandra și Schimmelfennig, Frank, “Demoi-cracy in the European Union: Principles, Institutions, Policies”, în Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 22, nr. 1, 2015.
  19. Deakin Crick, Ruth, „Key Competencies for Education in a European Context: Narratives of Accountability or Care”, în European Journal of Educational Research, vol. 7, nr. 3, 2008.
  20. Delanty, Gerard, “European Citizenship: A Critical Assessment”, în Citizenship Studies, vol. 11, nr. 1, 2007.
  21. Eising, Rainier, „The Access of Business Interests to EU Institutions: Towards Elite Pluralism?”, în Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 14, nr. 3, 2007.
  22. Eriksen, Erik Oddvar, „An Emerging European Public Sphere”, în European Journal of Social Theory, vol. 8, nr. 3, 2005.
  23. Guy Peters, Brainard, “Forms of Informality: Identifying Informal Governance in the European Union”, în Perspectives on European Politics and Society, vol. 7, nr. 1, 2006.
  24. Hazenberg, Haye, „Is Governance Democratic?”, în Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 2013.
  25. Heidbreder, Eva G., “Governance in the European Union: A Policy Analysis of the Attempts to Raise Legitimacy through Civil Society Participation”, în Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, 2014.
  26. Jachtenfuchs, Markus, „The Governance Approach to European Integration”, în Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 39, nr. 12, iunie 2001.
  27. Kohler – Koch, Beate și Finke, Barbara, “The Institutional Shaping of EU – Society Relations: A contribution to Democracy via Participation?”, în Journal of Civil Society, vol. 3, nr. 3, 2007.
  28. Michalowitz, Irina,” What Determines Influence? Assessing Conditions for Decision-Making Influence of Interest Groups in the EU”, în Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 14, nr. 1, 2007.
  29. Nicolaïdis, Kalypso, „European Demoicracy and its Crisis”, în Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 51, nr. 2, 2013.
  30. Papadopoulos, Yannis, “Accountability and Multi-Level Governance: More Accountability, Less Democracy?”, în West European Politics, vol. 33, nr. 5, 2010.
  31. Potluka, Oto și Liddle, Joyce, “Managing European Union Structural Funds: Using a Multilevel Governance Framework to Examine the Application of the Partnership Principle at the Project Level”, în Regional Studies, vol. 48, nr. 8, 2014.
  32. Other up-to-date articles.